© National Museums of Scotland
Formerly in Hamilton Palace, South Lanarkshire, now
in the National Museums of Scotland
The tea service of
the Emperor Napoleon, purchased by the 10th
Duke of Hamilton in 1830, originally contained 24 knives with
steel blades and 24 knives with gilt blades bearing the maker's
mark of Martin-Guillaume Biennais, who supplied the service. They
were for the main course and fruit or dessert respectively. There
were also 12 dessert spoons, 12 dessert forks and 24 coffee spoons
by Pierre-Benoît Lorillon, who specialised in producing 'flatware'
or cutlery (knives, forks and spoons) and supplied large numbers
of such items to Biennais.
This illustration shows examples of these knives
and spoons and also one of the two salt shovels or spoons by Lorillon
(far left), used with the double salts.
Note the profile head of Napoleon on the handle of the knife.