© Lennoxlove House Ltd
Formerly hanging in Hamilton Palace, South
Lanarkshire, now at Lennoxlove, East Lothian
Born in 1740, Lord Archibald was the eldest son
of James, 5th Duke of Hamilton and his
third wife Anne Spenser. He had three daughters and two sons. The
elder, Alexander, succeeded to the title
on Archibald's death in 1819.
In 1765 he married Lady Harriet Stewart, daughter
of Alexander, 6th Earl of Galloway. She died in 1788, before Archibald
succeeded to the ducal titles on the death of his nephew Douglas,
8th Duke, in 1799. He was MP for Lancaster from 1768 to 1772.
The landscape in which this portrait is painted
is suggestive of the High Parks at Hamilton, with the famous Cadzow
Oaks in the background.